'Practical World' True News Magazine by American Road Radio

'Practical World' True News Magazine by American Road Radio
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Food,Health : Outbreak linked to kratom products in 27 states

Twelve more people have been sickened since Feb. 20 in a salmonella outbreak linked to kratom products, bringing the total to 40 people in 27 states, the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention said in an update.

Forty-five percent of the patients have required hospitalization.

Fortunately, No deaths have been reported.

The outbreak has been linked to kratom products but a common brand or supplier has not been pinpointed, the CDC said.

Kratom is a plant native to southeast Asia that's used as a stimulant and as an opioid substitute, and is typically brewed in a tea, chewed, smoked, or taken in capsules. Kratom also goes by the names Thang, Kakuam, Thom, Ketom, and Biak.

The CDC warned against taking kratom in any form because the source of the salmonella contamination has not been identified.

The CDC and the U.S. Food and Drug Administration recommend that people avoid consuming kratom, a stimulant in the coffee family that is used as an opioid substitute.

Last week, the FDA issued a voluntary recall and destruction of several kratom products, though no particular brand or supplier of products have been identified as manufacturing tainted kratom.

The herb is legal in most of California and the U.S., though there's been a ban on its import since 2014. The city of San Diego in 2016 outlawed possession of mitragynine and hydroxyl-mitragynine, which are the active components in kratom, according to the county.

Ten county residents since 2014 have died for reasons associated with mitragynine, the county Medical Examiner's office has determined. Nine of those people had other drugs or alcohol in their system. One was associated with mitragynine alone.

There were 575 salmonellosis cases reported in San Diego in 2017, though officials said the actual number is likely higher because many people do not seek treatment for the illness.

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It is most commonly caused by eating undercooked poultry or eggs, unpasteurized dairy products, or food or water contaminated with the bacteria.

Symptoms of the disease include diarrhea, fever, vomiting, and abdominal cramps that start 12 to 72 hours after infection. Most people with salmonellosis are sick for four to seven days and then recover without treatment.
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